Before answering the question of what is cms or a content management system and getting into its details. let’s start an unconventional start first. to find out what these systems provide us with services as well as the most famous sites that work with these systems. most of us may think that a content management system CMS is just a system that matters for Content creators or bloggers. yes that was the goal of it in the past when it was first created.
But it has long gone beyond these limits to serve online ecommerce platforms, distance learning platforms, forums, marketing sites, podcasts, job sites, freelance work, dropshipping, affiliate sites, agencies sites, auctions, religious sites, tourism sites, reservations, multilingual sites, social networking, knowledge sites, wikis, sports sites, etc. without limitation of other types websites.
The most famous content management systems developed by the programming language PHP are WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, and of course Magento. and there are simpler types of these systems such as Wix and Weebly.
As an Examples of the most famous sites that I have come across for CMS are Harvard University, BBC News and the famous Ted that use the famous WordPress content management syste. NASA, Tesla and Emmy Awards sites that use the Drupal system. and Linux and Nintendo sites and the NCA crime control agency use the Joomla system. These are three examples of the three most popular free and open source CMSs and if you research a little you will be amazed at the amount of global websites that are created with all CMSs.
The content management system serves the users who does not want to use the code to create a website providing him with ready-made templates. whether free or paid according to his desire. but on the other hand it also serves website developers who want to design unparalleled sites. through codes developed by organizations As global as WordPress.
What is a CMS Content Management System
Content Management System or CMS for short is a program used to design and develop websites. and through which content can be added to publish on the Internet whether this content is for an e-commerce platform, an educational platform, a news site, a forum or any type of sites and platforms.
CMS are subject to international organizations. for example, WordPress is an organization that employs thousands of website developers and WordPress alone occupies more than 40% of Internet sites. other systems come after it and no system of them exceeds 5% of Internet sites. but this does not mean They are less efficient systems as they are also very powerful systems and are subject to the supervision of professionals.
Content management systems depend on themes or templates as well as on plugins or addons and many are working on producing them. WordPress plugins have exceeded 60 thousand free plugin. and there is more than that in stages as paid plugins, as well as WordPress themes. including what is free and What is paid. the most famous paid theme saller websites are ThemeForest, which has all kinds of themes and templates for all sites of all kinds and more than that there are a custom themes that are designed and developed by many who work on freelance websites or from companies specialized in this matter.
What matters to the user of content management systems is the ease of use provided by these systems. where you will find for each of these system two interfaces to the site a front and a back interface. the front one which is visible to all visitors.
You can have multiple users working in the backend with the same tool or plugin. For example, several users can deal with the online store in all their specialties through the world-famous WooCommerce plugin for e-commerce, wooommerce integrated with WordPress. that is just one example of teamworks of wordpress users or employee.
Why to use CMS and what are its advantages
Let’s review together why it is necessary to use CMS systems and some of their advantages, like follows:
Ease of use for these systems while improving the user experience as we find that most CMS platforms can be navigated easily. and allow you as a regular user to change or as an advanced user to develop through code and design.
It has drag and drop interfaces where you can add different elements to your pages. and the content management system allows those without technical skills to publish content, create websites and edit content using a simple control panel.
Content management systems allow site administrators to publish content with a click of a button. and product launches, educational courses, publications, etc. can be scheduled to be published on the dates you specify. any changes to the content are quick and direct.
You do not need to be aprorammer or a developer to prepare your site. these systems make it easy for content editors, data entry people and others to add content without any trouble. they do not need to learn programming to add or modify the content of the site. most CMS systems are also equipped with a tools for easy editing. so These systems provide you with what we called WYSIWYG and that means what you see is what you get.
CMS systems give you design options and provide you with plenty of website templates and designs to choose from.
It allows you to transfer data and provides tools that enable you to export your data easily and transfer it to any other place or location. If you decide to change your hosting company, plan, or even the system. this is done very easily.
The plugins or addons are numerous and their functions cannot be limited. Among what these add-ons work on are fixing problems, security, backup, design, adding message templates and countless services.
Its cost is almost zero and it allows beginners to manage sites of all kinds without relying on developers. site maintenance is easy and any changes are available.
Customization options are one of the most important features of content management systems where you can easily adjust the overall design, shape and layout. these customizations allow you to change what you want such as colors, menu locations, how content is displayed and many things that are endless. there are what so-called plugins or the Addons. which give you the ability to extend the range of functionality you get with a content management program. there are many utilities such as backup addons, contact forms, email list management, security, anti-spam, image compression, cache and many other important additions. you don’t need technical knowledge to install theme. just one-click installation.
Allow websites to be compatible with mobile and desktop devices at the same time. as Google cares very much about mobile compatible sites. this means that you need to make sure that your site works quickly on mobile devices and that it has a distinctive design. you must make sure that the plugins that You are using also compatible with those devices.
Those systems can be accessed at any time and place through the Internet. this is of paramount importance to you and your work team. content management systems can also be used in internal networks to organize, manage companies and teamwork.
Improving security is one of the most important features of these systems as well as data breach is one of the most serious threats to large, small and medium companies. companies have become a major target for hackers looking to make money through the digital world. so if they own a website. you must consern about security very much. you should use a content management system that has good security features or hire a professional in security systems manager. as it is known the more popular the system is the more vulnerable to hackers.
One of the biggest advantages of using content management software is the installations and upgrades. It is easy, fast and stable compared to other types of websites. CMS systems are equipped with standard features that enable business owners to get website updates very quickly.
SEO or improving the ranking of your site pages on search engines is one of the most important features of these systems. as it is friendly to search engines. this is very important to increase the flow of traffic and potential customers to your website. so the content management system improves your site on Google and search engines Through these systems and their utilities you can add title tags, meta descriptions, keywords and URLs to facilitate and improve your search.
but remember that these tools cannot replace the SEO or marketing team. it helps a lot in implementing basic SEO strategies that may take a lot of your time. when one of these items is incorrect, incomplete or incomplete. CMS will alert you to this moreover these tools and plugins are updated regularly to include any Changes and updates in the search engine that may affect your ranking. this way your site stays optimized all the time.
Detailed Analytics Where monitoring of your campaign is one of the keys to successful of online marketing. the content management system allows you to track posts across different sites. through analytics you can determine what is right for you. therefore you can adjust accordingly. for this it plays an essential role in the content strategy. Content management software systems integrate well with analytics tools such as Google Analytics. so you can measure your KPIs directly from the dashboard. some systems are also equipped with their own analytics and reporting tools. which enable you to see what types of content Matter to your audience and track their performance in real time. using this data content creators know which content gets the best result.
Instant content updates, where you can easily update your content without waiting for an administrator or web developer to make changes to your site. You can edit your content yourself and by simply pressing the refresh button after saving the first time all changes will be applied to your site immediately.
Support to face problems when using the CMS system through forums. one of the most dangerous of these problems is the sudden stopping of websites. which leads to heavy losses. you cannot afford to stop the website. so you must choose the system well. as most open source CMS systems do not provide any support. so You should choose a system that offers good technical support. but on the other hand there are many hosts that provide technical support for sites built with CMS systems, especially WordPress and its plugin WooCommerce.
Website maintenance can be expensive and costly and requires hiring a web designer or developer whenever you want to make changes. but with content management systems using them can save your time and money. often you won’t have to pay a web developer to make changes to your site, you can easily make those changes. It’s easy to set up and update on your own. and has all the tools and features needed to help drive your company’s success.
How do you choose the right content management system
There is a wide range of content management systems available, among the most popular in order are WordPress, Joomla and Drupal. there are millions of websites that use WordPress alone as it is the system number one in ease of use. with increasing capabilities for plugins and integration with it and with many themes and tools. Joomla Comes in second place as it is used by nearly or over a million websites. Joomla is a middle system between WordPress and Drupal because it offers comprehensive capabilities with developers in mind. It is also more user-friendly than Drupal but offers greater development opportunities.
Drupal is considered a favorite by many experienced developers. occupies nearly or more than half a million sites. and is considered a professional for those who need a website with capabilities that exceed its peers. as it provides the most powerful tools. but it is not easy to use if there is no previous experience with it. There are many important factors to consider when choosing a content management system such as analytical requirements. you will also need to consider knowledge of hosting requirements, search engine optimization, marketing goals and many other factors. your budget is the basis when choosing. so keep all of the above in mind.
There are many free and open source solutions. but they may also have certain costs to maintain the system properly. so consider all financial factors within your budget. including any upgrade or update fees, extension or integration fees and also the editing and customization capabilities of the template and modules and other important requirements. One of the important features to focus on is security and support. There are thousands of sites that are hacked without the knowledge of their owners every day. although no website is 100 percent safe from hacks. the security features of a content management system are very important to protect your site and its visitors from any malicious attack. If your site is hacked. you want a content management solution that provides fast and efficient support to help resolve the issue.
Consider whether you will need to upgrade to higher levels of protection or if security features come standard with your system of choice.
How Websites Are Developed Through CMS (For Developers)
To understand how to develop and design a site through a CMS. we must understand what creating a site from scratch looks like. as a site developer you will often start with HTML to add text, images, navigation bars and blocks to create the site etc. and then add CSS to design and shape the appearance of those Items which will be shown to your visitors and customers.
You will then mostly but not a requirement to write some JS code to add more advanced functionality to your site. like sliders etc. then you will have to upload this HTML file to your server to be saved away in your database. whenever you want Make changes Even minor changes like updating the content then you will Download and open files from the server and change the HTML code manually. then you will have to make sure that you don’t break any links or anything else before uploading the files back to the server.
All what you will do as a developer with WordPress is to create a number of well-known files with semi-fixed rules for writing code. all of which fall under the PHP language. it will also help you to have many pre-developed plugins. all you will do is write code to integrate these plugins with the template that you develop and design. You can build your own theme after reading all the requirements for developing it through the WordPress developer site.